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Beware of This If You are on OPT

Beware of This If You are on OPT

The OPT (Optional Practical Training) program is offered to F-1 visa holders and allows them to work legally in the United States for 12 months. Many graduates take OPT as their chance to take on internships at their desired companies.

However, OPT participants need to remember that the application process is not the only time that requires action from them to be granted and maintain their OPT status.

Federal regulations require F-1 holders to notify their Designated School Officials(DSO) of any changes made to their personal/employment information within ten days. DSOs will then update SEVIS with this information within 21 days.

OPT participants are permitted to be unemployed for a total of 90 days. As we approach the end of August, many 2020 spring graduates will soon face the OPT unemployment deadline.

Suppose you are on OPT but are not currently working or expecting to be employed before the 90-day deadline. In that case, it is crucial to plan accordingly to either leave the country or adjust your status to avoid overstaying under your F-1 situation.

If you are already employed, it is crucial to make sure that your employer’s information has been updated. Without updating this information, your status reflected on SEVIS will remain “unemployed” even if you are employed.

If you exceed the 90-day unemployment limit, you may have to face the following consequences:

Losing your F-1 nonimmigrant status.

SEVIS record changed to “terminated.”

Employment Authorization Document revocated.

Future benefit requests with USCIS are negatively affected.

 

疏忽这一点,会坑了OPT身份的你!

OPT(Optional Practical Training),选择性实习培训,是在美F-1留学生被给予的,毕业后有效期为一年的工作许可。持有OPT许可的同学们可以在与自己大学专业直接相关的职位工作一年。许多毕业生都会利用OPT的机会找到心仪公司的实习。

但OPT身份的小伙伴们要注意,并不是渡过了申请阶段,拿到了工作许可证明之后就可以高枕无忧了。联邦政府规章规定:OPT身份的F-1持有者必须在任何个人信息或雇佣信息改变时,必须在十日内通知指定学校负责人,由他们来在21天内更新学生SEVIS系统内的信息。

OPT期内,F-1人员有90天可以处于无业状态。随着我们步入八月下旬,距离许多春季毕业的同学们离开学校的时间也马上要到90天了。暂时还没有找到合适自己工作机会的同学们,一定要多加注意自己毕业后的无业时间有没有超过90天。如果邻近,一定要开始准备回国或者申请延期等事宜。

有幸得到offer的同学也要留意,自己的雇主信息有没有向学校上报。如果没有上报,SEVIS系统里,自己的状态还会保持无业状态。如果因为这样的原因被移民局“误伤”,那也太可惜了吧!

如果因为以上两种情况,无业状态天数超过了政策允许的90天,可能会面对以下后果:

失去F-1身份而被遣返

SEVIS记录被记录为终止

工作许可证被作废

对未来向移民局递交的申请产生不良影响

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